## Reach a Number

03/12/2018 Mark Math

## Question

You are standing at position 0 on an infinite number line. There is a goal at position target.

On each move, you can either go left or right. During the n-th move (starting from 1), you take n steps.

Return the minimum number of steps required to reach the destination.

Example 1:

Input: target = 3
Output: 2
Explanation:
On the first move we step from 0 to 1.
On the second step we step from 1 to 3.


Example 2:

Input: target = 2
Output: 3
Explanation:
On the first move we step from 0 to 1.
On the second move we step  from 1 to -1.
On the third move we step from -1 to 2.


Note:

• target will be a non-zero integer in the range [-10^9, 10^9].

## Solution

Result: Accepted Time: 10 ms

Here should be some explanations.

class Solution {
public:
int reachNumber(int target) {
if(target < 0)
target = -target;
int res = sqrt(2*target) - 0.5 + 1e-9, sum;
for(int i = res; i < res + 4; i ++){
if(i&1){
sum = (i+1) /2 * i;
}else{
sum = i / 2 * (i + 1);
}
int rest = sum - target;
if(rest >= 0 && (rest % 2) == 0)
return i;
}
return int(res);
}
};



Complexity Analytics

• Time Complexity: $O(1)$
• Space Complexity: $O(1)$